What is addictology?
Addictology designates, in France, the medical specialty at the crossroads of all disciplines enthusiastic about man and his behavior. The strategy is intended to become frequent, scientific, clinical, but in addition political, with regard to all addictive behaviors. Get much more details about alcool lyon
Note that in Quebec, addictology will not be regarded a medical specialty by the College of Physicians.
In France, addictology has created by bringing collectively experts from the fields of alcoholology, tobacco science and drug addiction. Epidemiological data show an increase in polyconsumption, and addictology wants to globalize and improve public health policies in these areas. The concept is usually to no longer be serious about a product, but rather in customer behavior far more frequently.
To far better understand, bear in mind that addiction refers to a much more or less alienating and destructive dependence on products (alcohol, tobacco, drugs, narcotics, and so forth.) or behaviors (games of opportunity, gambling, sex, clothing , internet use, and so on.). An addiction is defined as a dangerous attachment to a substance or activity. It results in a deprivation of freedoms, as well as physical, psychological, relational and even social problems.
When to seek advice from an addictologist?
The addictologist receives all people with dependence problems vis-à-vis a substance, legal or not, or perhaps a behavior. These involve:
the alcohol ;
opiates (heroin, morphine);
games of likelihood;
or compulsive buying.
As outlined by Inserm (¹) (National Institute of Health and Medical Investigation), tobacco could be the product with the strongest addictive power, with 32% of its shoppers getting dependent, followed by heroin (23%) , cocaine (17%), and alcohol (15%).
What does the addictologist do?
The role of the addictologist consists in stopping, evaluating but also treating and making certain the follow-up of people with addictions. He can practice within a private practice, but in addition inside a CSAPA (Center for care, assistance and prevention in addictology). He is then surrounded by a multidisciplinary group, which welcomes his sufferers anonymously. With each other, they provide:
medical, psychological and socio-educational assessment and help;
referral to specialized establishments for weaning or specific care, if required.
In Quebec, you can find no addictologists, but there are actually drug addiction treatment centers, in which a multidisciplinary team (medical doctors, nurses, social workers, and so forth.) takes care of the sufferers.